Maritime Zones Act
Act 2 of 1999
- Commenced on 1 July 2000
- [This is the version of this document at 30 June 2012 and includes any amendments published up to 30 June 2014.]
Part I – Preliminary
1. Short titleThis Act may be cited as the Maritime Zones Act.
2. InterpretationIn this Act—"Archipelagic State" means a state constituted wholly by one or more Archipelagoes and may include other islands;"archipelagic waters" means the archipelagic waters of Seychelles as defined in section 6;"archipelagic sea lanes passage" has the meaning assigned by section 18;"authorised officer" means an authorised officer appointed under section 23(5);"baselines" means the baselines as determined in accordance with section 3;"contiguous zone" means the contiguous zone of Seychelles as defined in section 8;"continental shelf"' means the continental shelf of Seychelles as defined in section 11;"Convention" means the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention of 1982;"equidistance line" as between Seychelles and a foreign state means the line every point of which is equidistant from the nearest point of the baselines and the corresponding baselines of the foreign state;"exclusive economic zone" means the exclusive economic zone of Seychelles, as defined in section 9;"foreign state" means a state other than Seychelles;"foreign ship" means a ship of or registered in a foreign state;‘innocent passage’ has the meaning assigned by section 17;"internal waters" has the meaning assigned by section 5;"limit", in relation to archipelagic waters, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the continental shelf and the exclusive economic zone, means the limit of such waters, sea, shelf or zone with reference to the individual or composite group or groups of islands constituting the territory of Seychelles;"low-water line" means the low-water line of the coast or reefs of Seychelles at the lowest astronomical tide;"operator", in respect of a ship, means the owner or operator of the ship;"nautical mile" means the "international nautical mile of 1852 metres;"Regulations" means the regulations made under section 33;"ship" means a vessel, boat or sea-craft of any kind and includes a submarine;"submarine" means an underwater vehicle however propelled;"territorial sea" means the territorial sea of Seychelles as defined in section 4.
Part II – Territorial sea, internal waters, archipelagic waters and contiguous zone
4. Limits of the territorial seaThe limit of the territorial sea is the line every point of which is at a distance of twelve nautical miles from the nearest point on the baselines.
5. Internal waters
6. Archipelagic watersThe archipelagic waters of Seychelles comprise the areas of the sea on the landward side of any straight archipelagic baselines, established as provided under section 3, up to the seaward limit of the internal waters.
7. Sovereign jurisdiction over internal waters, territorial sea and archipelagic watersThe sovereign jurisdiction of Seychelles extends and has always extended to the internal waters, territorial sea and archipelagic waters of Seychelles and the sea bed and subsoil underlying, and the air space over, such sea and waters.
8. Contiguous zone
Part III – Exlusive economic zone and continental shelf
9. Exclusive economic zoneSubject to any Order made under section 13(2) with respect to the delimitation of the exclusive economic zone, the exclusive economic zone of Seychelles comprises the areas beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, having, as their seaward limit, a line measured seaward every point of which is at a distance of 200 nautical miles from the nearest point on the baselines.
10. Rights and jurisdiction in relation to the exclusive economic zoneSubject to this Act, Seychelles has, and has always had, in relation to the exclusive economic zone—
11. Continental shelf
12. Rights and jurisdiction in relation to the continental shelf
13. Delimitation of exclusive economic zone and continental Shelf
14. Submarine cables and pipelines
Part IV – Rights of passage
15. Freedoms of navigation and overflightSubject to the exercise by Seychelles of its sovereign rights and exclusive jurisdiction within its exclusive economic zone or over its continental shelf, ships and aircraft of foreign states shall, in accordance with the principles, practice and provisions of international law as are provided for under this Act, enjoy in the exclusive economic zone and over the continental shelf—
16. Entitlement to innocent passage in territorial sea and archipelagic waters by foreign ships
17. Innocent passage
18. Archipelagic sea lanes passage
19. Sea lanes and air routesThe President may, by Order published in the Gazette—
Part V – Jurisdiction, enforcement and offences
20. Criminal jurisdiction with regard to persons on board a foreign ship
21. Limited civil jurisdiction with regard to persons on board a foreign ship
22. Jurisdiction of the courts of Seychelles
23. Powers of authorised officers
24. Contravention of this Act
25. Activities within the exclusive economic zone or on the continental shelf
26. Obstruction etc. of authorised officerA person who obstructs or hinders an authorised officer in the exercise of the officer's function, or prevents the officer in carrying out the officer's function, under this Act is guilty of an offence and liable on conviction to a fine of R500,000 and imprisonment for 10 years.
Part VI – General
27. Charts of maritime zones etc.The President shall cause to be prepared charts or lists of geographical co-ordinates specifying the geodetic datum, as the President thinks fit, showing all or any of the following matters—
28. Evidence of charts etc.A document purporting to be certified by the President to be a true copy of a chart or list of geographical coordinates prepared pursuant to section 27 shall be received in any proceedings as conclusive evidence of any matterreferred to in that section and shown in the document.
29. Publication of charts etc.The President shall cause—
30. Application of certain laws to exclusive economic zone or continental shelf
31. Application of this ActWhere a provision of this Act is in conflict with the provision of any other written law, the provision of this Act shall prevail.
32. References to maritime zones in any law
34. Repeal of Maritime Zones Act, 1977
History of this document
01 July 2000