- Case summary
division of matrimonial property - open-ended order of the court a quo – necessity in order for division of matrimonial property for final date for operation of orders
IN THE COURT OF APPEAL OF SEYCHELLES
(26 April 2023)
SCA 8/2021 and SCA 9/2021
(Arising in MA 176/2019 out of DC 134/2018)
SAMUEL LAU-TEE Appellant
(rep. by Serge Rouillon)
VIRGINIA HOAREAU (born HOAREAU) Respondent
(rep. by France Bonté)
VIRGINIA HOAREAU (born HOAREAU) Cross-Appellant
(rep. by France Bonté)
(rep. by Serge Rouillon) Cross-Respondent
Neutral Citation Lau-Tee v Lau-Tee (SCA 11/21 & 14/21  SCCA 19 (26 April 2023)
(Arising in MA 176/2019 out of DC 134/2018)  SCSC 26
Before: Twomey-Woods, Tibatemwa-Ekirikubinza, André JJA
Summary: division of matrimonial property - open-ended order of the court a quo – necessity in order for division of matrimonial property for final date for operation of orders
Heard: 14 April 2023
Delivered: 26 April 2023
DR. M. TWOMEY-WOODS JA
(Tibatemwa-Ekirikubinza and André JJA concurring)
The appeal before this court concerns a dispute pertaining to the distribution of matrimonial property (Title S5256) belonging to Samuel and Virginia Lau-Tee after their divorce. At the time the matter was heard, the matrimonial home had been sold to the Seychelles Civil Aviation Authority, although the transfer document still needed to be executed. Mr. Lau-Tee claimed a share in the sale proceeds while Mrs. Lau-Tee prayed for a declaration of full ownership of the matrimonial home in her favour. It bears mentioning that the property was and remained in the sole name of Virginia Lau-Tee.
It also bears mentioning that monies owed to Mrs. Lau Tee’s mother (as her share in the suit property) and the agent (who facilitated the sale of the property) have been paid.
Order of the court a quo
After hearing the matter and noting deductions from the proceeds to be paid to the various persons as stated above, the court a quo made no formal orders but ruled as follows:
“… , I consider a share of 40% to the Respondent (Samuel Lau-Tee) and a share of 60% to the Petitioner (Virginia Lau-Tee)…The parties have Seychelles Rupees five million seven hundred and twenty-two thousand and six hundred and sixty-three (SR5,722,663.00) to be distributed between them. Therefore, the Petitioner will be entitled to Seychelles Rupees three million four hundred and thirty-three thousand and five hundred and ninety-seven and cents eighty (SR3, 433,587.80) and the Respondent to Seychelles Rupees two million two hundred and eighty-nine thousand and sixty-five hundred (sic) and twenty cents (SR2, 289,065.20).
 Each party shall bear its own costs.
The appeal before this court
It is from this decision that both parties have appealed. Mr. Lau-Tee’s grounds of appeal and submissions are to the effect that Mr. Lau-Tee “is left with an empty judgment as the trial judge has set no limits on the methods of satisfaction of the final judgment by the parties towards each other….” Mrs. Lau-Tee has sought a reallocation of the shares in the matrimonial property by this Court.
At the appeal hearing, both parties abandoned their grounds of appeal, conceding that a final date for the transfer of the proceeds of the sale of the matrimonial ought to be inserted in the orders made by the trial court. Counsel for Mrs. Lau Tee has assured this Court that he has no objection to the execution of any court order and that “the money is there”.
We have scrutinised the decision of the court a quo and closely examined the “orders” made by the trial judge as set out in paragraph 3 above. We agree that the order relating to the parties’ respective shares is ineffectual.
It cannot be gainsaid that parties to a dispute who litigate before the courts have an unenumerated constitutional right to an effective remedy as a corollary to the constitutional right to a fair hearing. Every litigation must end, and open-ended orders do not facilitate this process. They also do not permit judgments to be executed, depriving successful litigants of the fruits of their judgment.
We are informed by the parties that there is a pending case between the Seychelles Civil Aviation Authority and Mrs. Lau Tee in which the former claims the legal transfer of the property title, for which they have paid consideration in full. The proceedings reveal that an order of inhibition against the transfer of Title S5256 subsists – presumably until the determination of the present appeal.
Our decision and order
In the circumstances, we accede to the prayers of both parties in this appeal and quash the order of the court a quo and substitute the following orders instead:
The parties are entitled to the following shares in the proceeds of the sale of the matrimonial home: 60% to Virginia Lau-Tee in the sum of Seychelles Rupees three million, four hundred and thirty-three thousand, five hundred and eighty-seven and eighty cents (SR3, 433,587.80) and 40% to Samuel Lau-Tee in the sum of Seychelles Rupees two million two hundred and eighty-nine thousand and sixty-five and twenty cents (SR2, 289,065.20).
Virginia Lau-Tee is given three months from the date of this judgment to pay Samuel Lau-Tee his share, failing which Samuel Lau-Tee shall subsequently have three months to pay Virginia Lau-Tee her share.
If either party is unable to pay the other, the matrimonial home, the subject matter of the award, shall be sold to the highest bidder by public auction, and the proceeds of the sale shall be shared sixty: forty (60:40) as set out above.
Each party is to bear its costs.
Signed, dated and delivered at Ile du Port on 26 April 2023.
Dr. M. Twomey-Woods, JA.
I concur ________________
I concur ________________
S. André, JA