Civil Aviation Act 1949 (Overseas Territories) Order
EDITORS' NOTE: The digital versions of legislation accessible through SeyLII are UNOFFICIAL and provided solely in the interests of increasing access to legal information. Their currency and accuracy cannot be warranted. Official versions of Seychelles legislation can only be obtained in hard copy from the Attorney-General’s Chambers, Department of Legal Affairs
This Cap was repealed by Act 4 of 2005, Civil Aviation Act with effect from 1 April 2005. The text below is reproduced for historical reference purposes only.
THE CIVIL AVIATION ACT 1949 (OVERSEAS TERRITORIES) ORDER 1969
[30th April, 1969]
SI. 35 of 1970.
SI. 95 of 1975.
SI. 72 of 1976.
Dec. 9 of 1979.
Act 11 of 1996
Citation *1(1) This Order may be cited as the Civil Aviation Act 1949 (Overseas Territories) Order.
Interpretation 2(1) In this Order unless the context otherwise requires ‑
"Chicago Convention" means the Convention on International Civil Aviation signed on behalf of the Government of the United Kingdom at Chicago on the seventh day of December 1944;
"Government Aerodrome" means an aerodrome under the control of the Minister and a naval, military or air force aerodrome;
(2)The Interpretation Act 1889 of the United Kingdom shall apply with the necessary adaptations, for the purpose of interpreting this Order and otherwise in relation thereto as it applies for the purpose of interpreting and in relation to Acts of Parliament.
**3The provisions of sections 8, 9, 10, 11, 14, 27, 38, 40, 41, 51, 53, 57, 58, 59, 60, 61, 62 and 63 of the Civil Aviation Act 1949 of the United Kingdom, adapted and modified as set out in Schedule hereto, are hereby extended to Seychelles.
4.(1) Without prejudice to Article 3, the Minister may by regulations make provision for the mortgaging of aircraft registered in Seychelles.
Note: *This Order has been modified to bring it into conformity with the Seychelles Independence Order, 1976 as far as this Order applies to Seychelles.
**Section 13 of the Civil Aviation Act, 1949 of the United Kingdom extended to Seychelles by the Colonial Civil Aviation (Application of Act) Order, 1952 (S.I. 1952/868 of U.K.) continues in force under this Order. It is reproduced as paragraph 5 of the Schedule to this Act.
(2) Without prejudice to the generality of the powers conferred by paragraph (1), regulations made under this Article may -
(a) make provision for a register of mortgages;
(b) make provision as respects the rights and liabilities of mortgagors and mortgagees of aircraft and as respects the priority inter se of such rights and the relationship of such rights to other rights in or over such aircraft;
(c) make provision specifying the fees to be paid in respect of the making or deletion of entries in the register of mortgages, of the inspection of the register and of making copies thereof;
(d) make provision for the imposition of penalties not exceeding 5 years imprisonment and fine of R100,000 in respect of making of false statements in connection with matters relating to mortgages of aircraft and in respect of the forgery of documents relating to such matters.
CIVIL AVIATION ACT 1949
REGULATION OF CIVIL AVIATION
1. Power to (1) The Minister may by regulation make such provision as
give effect appears to him to be requisite or expedient ‑
Convention (a) for carrying out the Chicago Convention, any
and regulate Annex thereto relating to international standards
air navigation. and recommended practices (being an Annex
S.I. 95/1975. adopted in accordance with the Convention) and
S.I. 72/1976. any amendment of the Convention or any such
2/D9/1979. Annex made in accordance with the Convention; or
(b) generally for regulating air navigation.
(2)The Minister may by regulations make provision ‑
(a) as to the registration of aircraft in the Republic;
(b) for prohibiting aircraft from flying unless certificates of airworthiness issued or validated under the regulations are in force with respect to them and except upon compliance with such conditions as to maintenance or repair as may be specified either in the Regulations or by the Minister;
(c) for the licensing, inspection and regulation of aerodromes, for access to aerodromes and places where aircraft have landed, for access to aircraft factories for the purpose of inspecting work therein carried on in relation to aircraft or parts thereof and for prohibiting or regulating the use of unlicensed aerodromes;
(d) for prohibiting persons from engaging in, or being employed in or (except in the maintenance at unlicensed aerodromes of aircraft not used for or in connection with commercial, industrial or other gainful purposes) in connection with, air navigation in such capacities as may be specified either in the Regulations or by the Minister except in accordance with provisions in that behalf contained in the regulations, and for the licensing of those employed at aerodromes licensed under the regulations in the inspection or supervision of aircraft;
(e) as to the conditions under which, and in particular the aerodromes to or from which, aircraft entering or leaving the Republic may fly, and as to the conditions under which aircraft may fly from one part of the Republic to another;
(f) as to the conditions under which passengers and goods may be carried by air and under which aircraft may be used for other commercial, industrial or gainful purposes, and for prohibiting the carriage by air of goods of such classes as may be specified either in the regulations or by the Minister;
(g) for minimising or preventing interference with the use or effectiveness of apparatus used in connection with air navigation, and for prohibiting or regulating the use of such apparatus as aforesaid and the display of signs and lights liable to endanger aircraft;
(h) generally for securing the safety, efficiency and regularity of air navigation and the safety of aircraft and of persons and property carried therein, for preventing aircraft endangering other persons and property and, in particular, for the detention of aircraft for any of the purposes specified in this paragraph;
(i) for requiring persons engaged in, or employed in or in connection with, air navigation to supply meteorological information for the purposes of air navigation;
(j) for regulating the making of signals and other comminications by or to aircraft and persons carried therein;
(k) for regulating the use of the civil air ensign and any other ensign established by the Minister for purposes connected with air navigation;
(l) for prohibiting aircraft from flying over such areas in the Republic as may be specified either in the regulation or by the Minister;
(m) for applying, adapting or modifying, or enabling the Minister responsible for finance to apply, adapt or modify, the enactments relating to customs in relation to aerodromes and to aircraft and to persons and property carried therein and for preventing smuggling by air, and for permitting, or enabling the Minister responsible for finance to permit, in connection with air navigation, subject to such conditions as appear to the Minister responsible for finance to be requisite or expedient for the protection of the revenue, the importation of goods into the Republic without payment of duty;
(n) as to the manner and conditions of the issue, validation, renewal, extension or variation of any certificate, licence or other document required by the regulations (including the examinations and tests to be undergone), and as to the form, custody, production, cancellation, suspension, endorsement and surrender of any such document;
(o) for regulating, or enabling the Minister after consultation with the Minister responsible for finance to regulate, the charges that may be made for the use of aerodromes licensed under the regulations and for services provided at such aerodromes;
(p) for prescribing, or enabling the Minister after consultation with the Minister responsible for finance to prescribe, the fees to be paid in respect of the issue, validation, renewal, extension or variation of any certificate, licence or other document or the undergoing of any examination or test required by, or in pursuance of, the regulation and in respect of any other matters in respect of which it appears to the Minister after consultation with the Minister responsible for finance to be expedient for the purpose of the regulations to charge fees;
(q) for exempting from the provisions of the regulations or any of them any aircraft or persons or classes of aircraft or persons.
(3)Regulations under this section may make different provision with respect to different classes of aircraft, aerodromes, persons or property and with respect to different circumstances and with respect to different parts of the Republic but shall, so far as practicable, be so framed as not to discriminate in like circumstances between aircraft registered in the Republic operated on charter terms by one air transport undertaking and such aircraft so operated by another such undertaking.
(4)Regulations under this section may, for the purpose of securing compliance with the provisions thereof, provide for the imposition of penalties not exceeding a fine of two hundred pounds and imprisonment for a term of six months and, in the case of any provision having effect by virtue of paragraph (l) of subsection (2) of this section, may also for that purpose provide for the taking of such steps (including firing on aircraft) as may be specified in the regulations.
(7)Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
2. Control of (1) In time of war, whether actual or imminent, or of great
aviation in national emergency, the Minister may by order regulate or prohibit,
time of war either absolutely or subject to such conditions as may be contained
or emergency in the order, the navigation of all or any descriptions of aircraft
S.I. 95/1975. over the Republic or any portion thereof; and may by order provide
S.I. 72/1976. for taking possession of the using for the purposes of the naval, military or air forces of the Republic any aerodrome, or any aircraft in the Republic, or any machinery, plant, material or things found in or on any such aerodrome or such aircraft, and for regulating or prohibiting the use, erection, building, maintenance or establishment of any aerodrome, or flying school, or any class or description thereof.
(2)An order under this section may make, for the purposes of the order, such provision as Regulations under section 8 of this Act may by virtue of subsection (4) of that section make for the purpose of securing compliance with provisions thereof having effect by virtue of paragraph (l) of subsection (2) of that section.
(3)Any person who suffers direct injury or loss, owing to the operation of an order of the Minister under this section, shall be entitled to receive compensation from the Minister, from such public funds as he may lawfully apply for the purpose, the amount thereof to be fixed, in default of agreement, by an arbitrator to be agreed upon or failing agreement, to be appointed by the Chief Justice or other chief judicial officer of the Republic:
Provided that no compensation shall be payable by reason of the operation of a general order under this section prohibiting flying in the Republic or any part thereof.
(6) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
3. Investiga‑ (1) The Minister may make regulations providing for the
tion of air investigation of any accident arising out of or in the course of
accidents. air navigation, and either occurring in or over the Republic or
S.I. 95/1975. occurring elsewhere to aircraft registered in the Republic.
(2)Regulations under this section may contain provisions ‑
(a) requiring notice to be given of any such accident as aforesaid in such manner and by such persons as may be specified;
(b) applying, with or without modification, for the purpose of investigations held with respect to any such accidents any of the provisions of any law in force in the Republic relating to the investigation of deaths or accidents;
(c) prohibiting, pending investigation, access to or interference with aircraft to which an accident has occurred, and authorising any person, so far as may be necessary for the purposes of an investigation, to have access to, examine, remove, take measures for the preservation of, or otherwise deal with, any such aircraft;
(d) authorising or requiring the cancellation, suspension, endorsement or surrender of any licence or certificate granted in the Republic under this Part of this Act or any Regulation or order made under this Part of this Act, or the withdrawal or suspension of any validation conferred in the Republic of a licence granted by a duly competent authority elsewhere, where it appears on an investigation that the licence or certificate ought to be cancelled, suspended, endorsed or surrendered, or the validation withdrawn or suspended as the case may be, and requiring the production of any such licence or certificate for the purpose of being so dealt with:
Provided that nothing in this section shall limit the powers of any authority under any law relating to merchant shipping.
(3)If any person contravenes or fails to comply with any regulations under this section, he shall be liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding fifty pounds or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months.
(5)Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
4. Dangerous (1) Where an aircraft is flown in such a manner as to be the cause
flying. of unnecessary danger to any person or property on land or water, the pilot or the person in charge of the aircraft, and also the owner thereof unless he proves to the satisfaction of the court that the aircraft was so flown without his actual fault or privity, shall be liable on summary conviction to a fine not exceeding two hundred pounds or to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to both such fine and such imprisonment.
In this section the expression "owner" in relation to an aircraft includes any person by whom the aircraft is hired at the time of the offence.
(2)The provisions of this section shall be in addition to and not in derogation of the powers conferred on the Minister by section 8 of this Act.
(3)Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
5. Licensing of (1) The Minister may make regulations ‑
and commercial (a) to secure that aircraft shall not be used in the
flying Republic by any person ‑
S.I. 72/1976. (i) for plying, while carrying passengers or goods for hire or reward, on such journeys or classes of journeys (whether beginning and ending at the same point or at different points) as may be specified in the regulations; or
(ii) for such flying undertaken for the purpose of any trade or business as may be so specified,
except under the authority of, and in accordance with, a licence granted to the said person by the licensing authority specified in the regulations;
(b) as to the circumstances in which a licence under the regulations may or shall be granted, refused, revoked or suspended, and in particular as to the matters to which the licensing authority specified in the regulations is to have regard to deciding whether to grant or refuse such a licence;
(c) as to appeals from the licensing authority by persons interested in the grant, refusal, revocation or suspension of any licence under the regulations;
(d) as to the conditions which may be attached to such a licence (including conditions as to the fares, freight or other charges to be charged by the holder of the licence), and for securing compliance with any conditions so attached;
(e) as to the information to be furnished by an applicant for, or the holder of, such a licence to such authorities as may be specified in the regulations;
(f) prescribing the fees to be paid in respect of the grant of any licence under the regulations, or enabling such fees to be prescribed by any person or authority specified in that behalf by the regulations;
and such regulations may make different provision as respects different classes of aircraft and different classes of licences.
(2)Regulation mde under this section may, for the purpose of securing compliance with the regulations, provide for the imposition of the following penalties, namely ‑
(a) in the case of a first offence against the regulations, a fine not exceeding five hundred pounds or imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or both such fine and such imprisonment; and
(b) in the case of a second or subsequent offence against the regulations, a fine not exceeding five thousand pounds or imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or both such fine and such imprisonment.
(3) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
6. Information (1) The Minister may make regulations ‑
as to air
transport (a) requiring any person ‑
and use of (i) who caries on the business of carrying
customs passengers or goods in aircraft for hire
aerodromes. or reward on such journeys or classes of
S.I. 95/1975. journeys (whether beginning and ending
S.I. 72/1976. at the same point or at different points) as may be specified in the regulations, or
(ii) who is the holder of a licence in respect of a customs aerodrome,
to furnish to such authorities as may be specified in the regulations such information relating to the use of aircraft for the purpose of his said business and to the persons employed in connection with that use, or, as the case may be, relating to the use of the aerodrome and to the persons employed in aircraft arriving thereat or departing therefrom, as may be prescribed by the regulations;
(b) requiring the owner, or the pilot or other person in charge, of any aircraft arriving at, or departing from, any customs aerodrome to furnish to the holder of the licence in respect of that aerodrome such information as may be necessary to enable the holder of the said licence to comply with such of the provisions of the regulations as relate to him;
(c) prescribing the times at which, and the form and manner in which, any information required under the regulations is to be furnished:
Provided that a person carrying on such a business as is mentioned in subparagraph (i) of paragraph (a) of this subsection shall not be required to furnish information relating to the use of aircraft on journeys wholly outside the Republic or relating to persons exclusively employed outside the Republic, unless the person carrying on the business is either a citizen of the Republic or a body corporate incorporated under the law of the Republic.
(2)Regulations under this section may provide for imposing on any person who contravenes or fails to comply with any provision of the regulations such penalties (not exceeding a fine of twenty pounds and a further fine of five pounds for every day on which the contravention or non‑compliance continues after conviction therefor) as may be specified in the regulations.
(3)No information with respect to any particular undertaking which has been obtained by virtue of regulations under this section shall, without the consent of the person carrying on that undertaking, be disclosed otherwise than in connection with the execution of such regulations, and if any person discloses any such information in contravention of this subsection, he shall be liable, on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding three months or to a fine not exceeding fifty pounds or to both such fine and such imprisonment or, on conviction on indictment, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding two years or to a fine not exceeding one hundred pounds or to both such fine and such imprisonment.
Nothing in this subsection shall apply to the disclosure of any information for the purposes of any legal proceedings which may be taken by virtue of this subsection or of regulations made under this section, or for the purpose of any report of any such proceedings, but, save as aforesaid, the restriction imposed by this subsection shall, in relation to any legal proceedings (including arbitrations), extend so as to prohibit and prevent any person who is in possession of any such information so obtained from disclosing, and from being required by any court or arbitrator to disclose, that information (whether as a witness or otherwise) except with the consent of the person carrying on the undertaking to which the information relates.
(4)In this section the expression "customs aerodrome" means an aerodrome for the time being appointed as a place of landing or departure of aircraft for the purposes of the enactments relating to customs.
(5)Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
AERODROMES AND OTHER LAND
7. Indication (1) If the Minister is satisfied, with respect to any building,
of presence of structure or erection in the vicinity of an aerodrome to which
obstructions this section applies that, in order to avoid danger to aircraft
near flying in that vicinity in darkness or conditions of poor
aerodromes. visibility, provision ought to be made (whether by lighting or
S.I. 95/1975. otherwise) for giving to such aircraft warning of the presence of that building, structure or erection, he may by order authorise (subject to any conditions specified in the order) the proprietor of the aerodrome, and any person acting under the proprietor's instructions ‑
(a) to execute, instal, maintain, operate, and, as occasion requires, to repair and alter, such works and apparatus as may be necessary for enabling such warning to be given in the manner specified in the order; and
(b) so far as may be necessary for exercising any of the powers conferred by the order to enter upon and pass over (with or without vehicles) any such land as may be specified in the order:
Provided that no such order shall be made in relation to any building, structure or erection if it appears to the Minister that there have been made, and are being carried out, satisfactory arrangements for the giving of such warning as aforesaid of the presence of the building, structure or erection.
(2) The Minister shall, before making any such order as aforesaid, cause to be published, in such manner as he thinks best for informing persons concerned, notice of the proposal to make the order and of the place where copies of the draft order may be obtained free of charge, and take into consideration any representations with respect to the order which may, within such period not being less than two months after the publication of the notice as may be specified therein, be made to him by any person appearing to him to have an interest in any land which would be affected by the order; and at the end of that period the order may, subject to the provisions of this section, be made with such modifications (if any) of the original draft as the Minister thinks proper.
(3) Every such order as aforesaid shall provide ‑
(a) that, except in a case of emergency, no works shall be executed on any land in pursuance of the order, unless, at least fourteen days previously, the proprietor of the aerodrome to which the order relates has served in the manner prescribed by the order on the occupier of that land, and on every other person known by the proprietor to have an interest therein, a written notice containing such particulars of the nature of the proposed works, and the manner in which and the time at which it is proposed to execute them, as may be prescribed by or in accordance with the order; and
(b) that if, within fourteen days after service of the said notice on any person having such an interest, the proprietor of the aerodrome receives a written intimation of objection on the part of that person to the proposals contained in the notice, being an intimation which specifies the grounds of objection, then, unless and except in so far as the objection is withdrawn, no steps shall be taken in pursuance of the notice without the specific sanction of the Minister;
and shall also provide for requiring the proprietor of the aerodrome to which the order relates to pay to any person having an interest in any land affected by the order such compensation for any loss or damage which that person may suffer in consequence of the order as may, in default of agreement, be determined from time to time by a single arbitrator appointed by the Chief Justice or other chief judicial officer of the Republic; and, for the purposes of this subsection, any expense reasonably incurred in connection with the lawful removal of any apparatus installed in pursuance of such an order, and so much of any expense incurred in connection with the repair, alteration, demolition or removal of any building, structure or erection to which such an order relates as is attributable to the operation of the order, shall be deemed to be loss or damage suffered in consequence of the order.
(4) The ownership of anything shall not be taken to be affected by reason only that it is placed in, or affixed to, any land in pursuance of such an order as aforesaid; and (subject to the provisions of the next following sub‑section) so long as any such order in respect of an aerodrome is in force, no person shall, except with the consent of the proprietor of the aerodrome, wilfully interfere with any works or things which, to the knowledge of that person, are works or things executed or placed, in, on or over any land in pursuance of the order.
If any person contravenes the foregoing provisions of this subsection, he shall be liable, on summary conviction, to imprisonment for a term not exceeding six months or to a fine not exceeding two hundred pounds or to both such fine and such imprisonment; and every person who wilfully obstructs a person in the exercise of any of the powers conferred by such an order as aforesaid shall be liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding fifty pounds.
(5) Nothing in this section shall operate, in relation to any building, structure or erection, so as to restrict the doing of any work for the purpose of repairing, altering, demolishing or removing the building, structure or erection:
Provided that ‑
(a) notice of the doing of that work is given as soon as may be to the proprietor of the aerodrome; and
(b) the giving of warning of the presence of the building, structure or erection in the manner provided by any order under this section in force in relation thereto is not interrupted.
(6) In this section ‑
(a) the expression "aerodrome to which this section applies" means a Government aerodrome or any premises which, by virtue of regulations made under section 8 of this Act, are for the time being licensed as an aerodrome for public use; and
(b) the expression "proprietor of the aerodrome" means, in relation to any premises used or appropriated for use as an aerodrome, the person carrying on or entitled to carry on the business of an aerodrome in those premises or, in the case of a Government aerodrome, the officer in charge of the aerodrome.
(7) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
8. Trespassing (1) If any person trespasses on any land forming
on part of a Government aerodrome or an aerodrome licensed in
aerodromes. pursuance of regulations under section 8 of this Act, he shall
S.I. 95/1975. be liable, on summary conviction, to a fine not exceeding five pounds:
Provided that no person shall be liable to any penalty under this section unless it is proved that, at the material time, notices warning trespassers of their liability under this section were posted so as to be readily seen and read by members of the public, in such positions on or near the boundary of the aerodrome as appear to the court to be proper.
(2) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
LIABILITY FOR DAMAGE, ETC., CAUSED BY AIRCRAFT
9. Liability (1) No action shall lie in respect of trespass or in respect of
of aircraft nuisance, by reason only of the flight of an aircraft over any
in respect property at a height above the ground, which, having regard to
of trespass, wind, weather and all the circumstances of the case, is reason‑
nuisance and able, or the ordinary incidents of such flight so long as the
surface provisions of Part II and this Part of this Act and any regula‑
damage. tions or order made in pursuance of Part II or this Part of this
S.I. 95/1975. Act, being provisions which extend to the Republic, are duly
S.I. 72/1976. complied with.
(2) Where material loss or damage is caused to any person or property on land or water by, or by a person in, or an article or person falling from, an aircraft while in flight, taking off or landing, then unless the loss or damage was caused or contributed to by the negligence of the person by whom it was suffered, damages in respect of the loss or damage shall be recoverable without proof of negligence or intention or other cause of action, as if the loss or damage had been caused by the wilful act, neglect, or default of the owner of the aircraft:
Provided that where material loss or damage is caused as aforesaid in circumstances in which ‑
(a) damages are recoverable in respect of the said loss or damage by virtue only of the foregoing provisions of this subsection, and
(b) a legal liability is created in some person other than the owner to pay damages in respect of the said loss or damage,
the owner shall be entitled to be indemnified by that other person against any claim in respect of the said loss or damage.
(3) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
10. Nuisance (1) Regulations under section 8 of this Act may provide for
caused by regulating the conditions under which noise and vibration may be
aircraft on caused by aircraft on aerodromes and may provide that subsection
aerodromes. (2) of this section shall apply to any aerodrome as respects which
S.I. 95/1975. provision as to noise and vibration caused by aircraft is so made.
(2) No action shall lie in respect of nuisance by reason only of the noise and vibration caused by aircraft on an aerodrome to which this subsection applies by virtue of regulations under section 8 of this Act, as long as the provisions of any such regulation are duly complied with.
(3) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
11. Applica‑ (1) Any services rendered in assisting, or in saving life
tion of law from, or in saving the cargo or apparel of, an aircraft in, on
of wreck and or over the sea or any tidal water, or on or over the shores
salvage to of the sea or any tidal water, shall be deemed to be salvage
aircraft. services in all cases in which they would have been salvage
S.I. 95/1975. services if they had been rendered in relation to a vessel;
S.I. 72/1976. and where salvage services are rendered by an aircraft to any property or person, the owner of the aircraft shall be entitled to the same reward for those services as he would have been entitled to if the aircraft had been a vessel.
The foregoing provisions of this subsection shall have effect notwithstanding that the aircraft concerned is a foreign aircraft, and notwithstanding that the services in question are rendered elsewhere than within the limits of the territorial waters adjacent to any part of the Republic.
(2) The Minister may by regulations direct that any provisions of any law of the Republic for the time being in force which relate to wreck, to salvage of life or property or to the duty of rendering assistance to vessels in distress shall, with such exception, adaptation and modifications, if any, as may be specified in the regulations, apply in relation to aircraft as those provisions apply in relation to vessels.
(3) For the purposes of this section, any provisions of any law of the Republic which relate to vessels laid by or neglected as unfit for sea service shall be deemed to be provisions relating to wreck.
(4) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
12. Excemption (1) Any lawful entry into the Republic or any lawful transit
of aircraft across the Republic, with or without landings, of an aircraft to
and parts which this section applies shall not entail any seizure or
thereof detention of the aircraft or any proceedings being brought against
from seizure the owner or operator thereof or any other interference therewith
on patent by or on behalf of any person in the Republic, on the ground that
claims. the construction, mechanism, parts, accessories or operation of the
S.I. 95/1975. aircraft is or are an infringement of any patent, design or model.
(2) The importation into, and storage in, the Republic of spare parts and spare equipment for an aircraft to which this section applies and the use and installation thereof in the repair of such an aircraft shall not entail any seizure or detention of the aircraft or of the spare parts or spare equipment or any proceedings being brought against the owner or operator of the aircraft or the owner of the spare parts or spare equipment or any other interference with the aircraft by or on behalf of any person in the Republic on the ground that the spare parts or spare equipment or their installation are or is an infringement of any patent, design or model:
Provided that this subsection shall not apply in relation to any spare parts or spare equipment which are sold or distributed in the Republic or are exported from the Republic for sale or distribution.
(3) This section applies ‑
(a) to an aircraft, other than an aircraft used in military, customs or police services, registered in any country or territory in the case of which there is for the time being in force a declaration made by the Minister, with a view to the fulfilment of the provisions of the Chicago Convention to which this section relates, that the benefits of those provisions apply to that country or territory, and
(b) to such other aircraft as the Minister by regulations specify.
(5) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
13. Orders in (1) Any order or regulation made under any of the enactments to
Council. which this Part of this Act applies or under this Part of this
S.I. 95/1975. Act, or any order or regulation made, or instructions given, by
S.I. 72/1976. the Minister thereunder, may contain such incidental and supplementary provisions as appear to the Minister to be necessary or expedient for the purposes of the order, regulations or instructions; and any such regulations may authorise the Minister to make orders, regulations or to give instructions for the purposes of the regulations in respect of such matters as may be specified in the regulations.
(2) Regulations made under any of the enactments to which this Part of this Act applies or under this Part of this Act shall be subject to annulment in pursuance of a resolution of the People's Assembly and may be revoked or varied by a subsequent regulation.
(3) Any reference in the enactments to which this Part of this Act applies or in this Part of this Act to the provisions of regulations shall include a reference to the provisions of any order or regulation made, or instructions given, under the regulations.
14. Detention Any order or regulations made under any enactment to which this
of aircraft. Part of this Act applies or under this Part of this Act in relation
S.I. 95/1975. to aircraft may provide for the detention of aircraft to secure compliance with the order or regulations, as the case may be, or with any enactment to which this Part of this Act applies in connection with which the order or regulations is or are made, and may make such further provision as appears to the Minister to be necessary or expedient for securing such detention.
15. Extra‑ (1) Notwithstanding that any regulation made by virtue of any
territorial enactment to which this Part of this Act applies or by virtue of
effect. this Part of this Act or an order or a regulation made by virtue of
S.I. 95/1975. any such enactment by the Minister has effect only as part of the law of the Republic, no provision contained in the order or regulation shall, on the ground that it would have extra‑ territorial operation, be deemed to be invalid in so far as it applies to aircraft registered in the Republic wherever they may be, or prohibits, requires or regulates ‑
(a) the doing of anything by persons in, or any of the personnel of, such aircraft as aforesaid, wherever they may be, or
(b) the doing of anything in relation to such aircraft as aforesaid by other persons being citizens of the Republic, wherever they may be.
For the purposes of this subsection the personnel of an aircraft shall be deemed to include the commander or other person in charge of the aircraft, and all other members of the crew of the aircraft.
16. Offences. Any offence under any enactment to which this Part of this Act applies or under an order or regulation made under either any such enactment or under this Part of this Act shall, for the purpose of conferring jurisdiction, be deemed to have been committed in any place where the offender may for the time being be.
17. Savings. (1) Neither this Part of this Act nor any
S.I. 72/1976. enactment to which this Part of this Act applies shall apply to aircraft belonging to or exclusively employed in the service of the Republic:
Provided that the Minister may by regulation, apply to any such aircraft, with or without modification, any of the said enactments or any orders or regulations made thereunder.
(2) Nothing in, or in any instrument made under, the enactments to which this Part of this Act applies or under this Part of this Act, shall prejudice or effect the rights, powers or privileges of any general or local lighthouse authority.
18. Jurisdic (2) The Minister may, by regulations, make provision as to the
tion. courts in which proceedings may be taken for enforcing any claim
S.I. 95/1975. in respect of aircraft, and in particular may provide for conferring jurisdiction in any such proceedings on any court exercising Admiralty jurisdiction and for applying to such proceedings any rules of practice or procedure applicable to proceedings in Admiralty.
(3) Part VI of this Act applies to this section.
19. Interpreta‑ (1) In this Act, except where the context otherwise requires, the
tion. following expressions have the meanings hereby respectively assigned to them, that is to say‑
"aerodrome" means any area of land or water designed, equipped, set apart or commonly used for affording facilities for the landing and departure of aircraft;
"land" includes any estate or other interest in land and easement.
(2) Any reference in this Act to the carrying out of works on land shall be construed as including a reference to the making of excavations on the land or the carrying out of levelling operations on the land, and references to the maintenance of works or to interference with works shall be construed accordingly.
(3) For the avoidance of doubt it is hereby declared that in this Act the expression "loss or damage" includes in relation to persons, loss of life and personal injury.
(4) Any reference in this Act to goods or articles shall be construed as including a reference to mails or animals.
(5) Any reference to this Act to the Republic shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be construed as including a reference to the territorial waters, if any, adjacent to the Republic.
(6) Any power conferred by this Act shall be in addition to and not in derogation of any other power so conferred.
(7) Any power conferred by this Act to make any order or regulation shall be construed as including a power exercisable in the like manner and subject to the like conditions, if any, to vary or revoke the order or regulation.
(8) References in this Act to any enactment shall, except in so far as the context otherwise requires, be taken as referring to that enactment as amended by or under any other enactment.
This Order extends to Seychelles the provisions of the Civil Aviation Act 1949 of United Kingdom specified in Article 3 of the Order as modified by the Schedule to the Order.